Congress that allowed for admission of Missouri as the 24th state
Congress that allowed for admission of Missouri as the 24th state It marked the beginning of the prolonged sectional conflict over the extension of slavery that led to the American Civil War. Clay, HenryHenry Clay, mezzotint by H.
Sadd, after a painting by J. LC-DIG-pga The territory of Missouri first applied for statehood inand by early Congress was considering enabling legislation that would authorize Missouri to frame a state constitution.
The Tallmadge amendment prohibited the further introduction of slaves into Missouri and provided for emancipation of those already there when they reached age The amendment passed the House of Representativescontrolled by the more-populous North, but failed in the Senate, which was equally divided between free and slave states.
Congress adjourned without resolving the Missouri question. The following summer a considerable body of public opinion in the North was rallied in support of the Tallmadge proposal. Much of that anti-Missouri sentimentas it was called, arose from a genuine conviction that slavery was morally wrong.
Political expediency was mixed with moral convictions. Many of the leading anti-Missouri men had been active in the Federalist partywhich seemed to be in the process of disintegration; it was charged that they were seeking an issue on which to rebuild their party. The Federalist leadership of the anti-Missouri group caused some northern Democrats to reconsider their support of the Tallmadge amendment and to favour a compromise that would thwart efforts to revive the Federalist party.
When it reconvened in DecemberCongress was faced with a request for statehood from Maine. The Senate passed a bill allowing Maine to enter the Union as a free state and Missouri to be admitted without restrictions on slavery.
Henry Clay then skillfully led the forces of compromise, engineering separate votes on the controversial measures. When the Missouri constitutional convention empowered the state legislature to exclude free blacks and mulattoes, however, a new crisis was brought on.
Enough northern congressmen objected to the racial provision that Clay was called upon to formulate the Second Missouri Compromise. On March 2,Congress stipulated that Missouri could not gain admission to the Union until it agreed that the exclusionary clause would never be interpreted in such a way as to abridge the privileges and immunities of U.
Missouri so agreed and became the 24th state on August 10, ; Maine had been admitted the previous year on March Although slavery had been a divisive issue in the United States for decades, never before had sectional antagonism been so overt and threatening as it was in the Missouri crisis.
Missouri CompromiseMap of the United States that denotes free and slave states as well as the territory open to slavery or freedom by the repeal of the Missouri Compromise, c.The Missouri Compromise was the legislation that provided for the admission to the United States of Maine as a free state along with Missouri as a slave state, Speaker of the House Henry Clay of Kentucky, in a desperate bid to break the deadlock, divided the Senate bills.
Clay and his pro-compromise allies succeeded in pressuring half the. For his work on the Missouri Compromise, Senator Henry Clay became known as the “Great Pacificator." The extraordinarily bitter debate over Missouri’s application for admission ran from.
Senator Henry Clay's so-called "omnibus" proposal in late January to find a national accommodation over a variety of sectional issues plaguing the nation ultimately did lead to a compromise of sorts in September of that year.
Henry Clay gained the nicknames "the Great Pacificator" and "the Great Compromiser" because of his role in the Missouri Compromise. The compromise was condemned by some Southerners because it set the precedent that Congress could make a law regarding slavery.
How did the Missouri Compromise, proposed by Henry Clay, try to resolve the slavery problem? It mandated all territories eliminate slavery before becoming states It banned slavery in much of the previous Louisiana Territory except for Missouri.
It made the Mississippi River the boundary between slave states and free states. January 29, - The Compromise of was introduced by Senator Henry Clay in a series of resolutions. February 5 and 6, - Senator Henry Clay defended his compromise proposals in a speech.
March 4, - Senator John Calhoun's speech against the Compromise of was delivered.