However, his academic performance and personal achievement, first in school and then at work, remained stellar. At age 29, the patient found himself easily fatigued despite excessive sleep. His energy was persistently low.
Depression has always been a health problem for human beings.
Historical documents written by healers, philosophers, and writers throughout the ages point to the long-standing existence of depression as a health problem, and the continuous and sometimes ingenious struggles people have made to find effective ways to treat this illness.
Depression was initially called "melancholia". The earliest accounts of melancholia appeared in ancient Mesopotamian texts in the second millennium B. At this time, all mental illnesses were attributed to demonic possession, and were attended to by priests.
In contrast, a separate class of "physicians" treated physical injuries but not conditions like depression. The first historical understanding of depression was thus that depression was a spiritual or mental illness rather than a physical one.
They may certainly look and feel like clinical depression to the outsider, but they may require just a small tweak in diet or hormones. Here are six conditions that fall under that category. 1. Easily share your publications and get them in front of Issuu’s millions of monthly readers. study selection (case study 1 severe depression), Length: 1 pages, Page: 1, Published: case study #1: the depressed teen 7 diaGnostic criteria Alcohol abuse has as its basic feature a pattern of use character-ized by negative, recurrent, and significant consequences related to repeated use. This diagnosis requires only one of the following criteria over the course of twelve months (APA, ): 1.
Ancient Greeks and Romans were divided in their thinking about the causes of melancholia. Literature of the time was filled with references to mental illness caused by spirits or demons.
In the 5th century B. The early Babylonian, Chinese, and Egyptian civilizations also viewed mental illness as a form of demonic possession, and used exorcism techniques such as beatings, restraint, and starvation designed to drive demons out of the afflicted person's body as treatments.
In contrast, early Roman and Greek doctors thought that depression was both a biological and psychological disease.
Gymnastics, massage, special diets, music, and baths, as well as a concoction of poppy extract and donkey's milk were used to alleviate depressive symptoms. Hippocrates, a Greek physician, suggested that personality traits and mental illnesses were related to balanced or imbalanced body fluids called humours.
There were four of these humours: Hippocrates classified mental illnesses into categories that included mania, melancholia depressionand phrenitis brain fever.
Hippocrates thought that melancholia was caused by too much black bile in the spleen.
He used bloodletting a supposedly therapeutic technique which removed blood from the bodybathing, exercise, and dieting to treat depression. In contrast to Hippocrates' view, the famous Roman philosopher and statesman Cicero argued that melancholia was caused by violent rage, fear and grief; a mental explanation rather than a physical one.
In the last years before Christ, the influence of Hippocrates faded, and the predominant view among educated Romans was that mental illnesses like depression were caused by demons and by the anger of the gods. Treatments for mental illness often involved hydrotherapy baths and early forms of behavior therapy positive rewards for appropriate behavior.
After the fall of the Roman empire in the 5th century, scientific thinking about the causes of mental illness and depression again regressed. During the Middle Ages, religious beliefs, specifically Christianity, dominated popular European explanations of mental illness.
Most people thought that mentally ill people were possessed by the devil, demons, or witches and were capable of infecting others with their madness.
Treatments of choice included exorcisms, and other more barbaric strategies such as drowning and burning. A small minority of doctors continued to believe that mental illness was caused by imbalanced bodily humors, poor diet, and grief.
Some depressed people were tied up or locked away in "lunatic asylums". During the Renaissance, which began in Italy in the 14th century and spread throughout Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries, thinking about mental illness was characterized by both forward progress and regression.
On the one hand, witch-hunts and executions of the mentally ill were quite common throughout Europe.Prolonged Exposure Therapy for PTSD: Emotional Processing of Traumatic Experiences, Therapist Guide Edna B. Foa, Elizabeth Hembree, Barbara Rothbaum. The research and paper must be tied into and about this case study!!!Case Study #1 Clinical Psychology: Severe DepressionJoe is suffering from severe depression.
His father, grandmother, and two uncles suffered with the same abnormal condition. Also, patients in previous case studies suffered from comorbid psychosis or depression, not personality disorders. This limits the conclusions that can be made, given that personality disorders are highly prevalent in forensic psychiatry (De Ruiter & Trestman, De Ruiter, C., & Trestman, R.
L. (). Psychological Treatments. Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) for Schizophrenia; Cognitive Adaptation Training (CAT) for Schizophrenia; Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for Schizophrenia.
Complex Case Study: Treatment Resistant Depression Brain Biopsy Findings Link Major Depressive Disorder to Neuroinflammation, Oxidative Stress, and Neurovascular Dysfunction The patient first experienced depressive mood symptoms at age Case Study 54 year old female with DEPRESSION In this case study, most of the nutrients that the more severe the depressive leslutinsduphoenix.com cross-talk between vitamin D and specific steroid hormones that has been demonstrated in brain cells is a proposed mechanism for vitamin D’s effect on depression.