In the Mouth of a Whale Herman Melville and the watery beast. He declared that a whale must be near. The acute policy dictating these movements was sufficiently vindicated at daybreak by the sight of a long sleek on the sea directly and lengthwise ahead, smooth as oil, and resembling in the pleated watery wrinkles bordering it the polished metallic-like marks of some swift tide rip at the mouth of a deep, rapid stream. Alow and aloft, and on both sides!
Introduction Salmon were at the center of life for native peoples living along the Asian and American shores of the north Pacific Ocean. Like a miracle, these five different kinds of fish return to the same streams where they first spawned.
They begin and end their lives in fresh water, but they spend most of their lives in the salty sea. Not every species returns every year, since each kind has its own cycles.
Every salmon has many different names, depending on local usage and stages in its life cycle. The most common names, however, are chinook also spring, kingcoho also silverpink also humpy, humpbackdog also chumand sockeye, which spawns in lakes.
While Atlantic salmon return to spawn repeatedly, Pacific salmon spawn and die, nourishing the meager local soils along with bears, birds, and people living along rivers.
Humans developed a complex set of gear and nets to take full advantage of these runs. Traps, fences, baskets, spears, and lures were all used to take fish. Over the winter, however, high water and bad weather usually wiped out all the traps and catchments so they had to be rebuild every spring.
The first fish caught was celebrated with a great ceremony of welcome and thanks. William We-ah-lup smoking salmon Men and women shared the work of preparing salmon for winter food.
Men took the fish from the water and women, helped by children, sliced, hung, dried, and smoked this flesh. Sometimes pounded in flour, sometime left as flanks, these dried fish kept everyone fed. When treaties were signed in the s between the US government and tribes of the Northwest and Plateau, the right to continue taking salmon was written in.
The US wanted to save money by having native people feed themselves, while the native people did not want to turn into crop farmers or stoop laborers. For over a hundred years, however, American settlement and sprawling construction have destroyed or polluted salmon habitats, killing these fish and extinguishing whole runs.
The development of canned salmon made fishing profitable for the world market, but massive overfishing with devices such as fish wheels led to dwindling supplies that soon brought natives and other commercial fishers into court.
Judges upheld the treaty right, allowing natives back into the fishery, but ignorance and bitterness still lurk. For natives, salmon are a gift that comes to them every year to keep them alive. Similarly, everyone along the coast once ate great whales that were hunted by special men, as among Makahs, or that died and drifted onto beaches.
They were truly gifts from the sea. What stands out clearly from native sources is how much people identified with these underwater beings. Epics told what it was like to be a salmon, where they came from, what they did, and how they live among themselves, looking at home very much like humans.
To provide a few of these viewpoints, we will meet a modern day elder, and recount two legends about salmon, one for the interior drained by the Columbia River and one for the coast of Washington.
Her people hid out in their homeland for over a hundred years until the US agreed to set up a tiny reservation for them in Throughout her life, Mrs. Hilbert had worked long and hard to preserve a record of the language and traditions of her own people and the larger group of Coast Salish they belong to, called Lushootseed.
Recently, checking through old records, she found more details about how her own grandfather served as the priest for the salmon fishery along the upper stretches of the Skagit River. Since people now buy gas to run about in motor boats and purchase their nylon fish nets instead of making them from plant fibers, these accounts provide a glimpse of what life was like over a hundred years ago.
Moreover, it is noteworthy that the man sometimes woman in charge of the fishery was more like a priest than like a manager because the basic attitude toward salmon among all natives was reverence and thanks, not gain for money.
Every spring, when the chinook began to run, two or three fish were caught and cooked in the longhouse of her grandfather.She leads writing workshops, renovates homes, and sells real estate in Western Puget Sound. Author of Burnt Offerings, Cathy has been nominated for the Pushcart Prize and Best American Essays.
Her writing has appeared in dozens of print and online journals and several anthologies. Echolocation is a high pitched sound sent out by the whale. It bounces off the object and then returns to the whale. This tells the whales the 3/5(3).
While Atlantic salmon return to spawn repeatedly, Pacific salmon spawn and die, nourishing the meager local soils along with bears, birds, and people living along rivers. Humans developed a complex set of gear and nets to take full advantage of these runs. 7 sounds in nature that humans rarely hear Science.
Nov 11, PM EDT The sound of a choking ocean. A whale song for climate change. Jan 13, · Brian Turner: HERE, BULLET an audio chapbook offering a sequence of poems from AUTISM: A POEM, is available from Whale Sound.
He has also edited two anthologies of poetry, including POETRY FROM PARADISE VALLEY (Pecan Grove Press, ). In addition, his essays of literary criticism have been published in various journals and book. The effect of background noise upon free recall of visually presented words was investigated.
A total of 60 participants were recruited for this psychological study. The experimental groups were the speech condition (N=20) and the whale sound condition (N=20) whereas the silent condition (N=20) accounted for the control condition.